Lanzamientos Blog

Grupo Proastronomia. La Habana /Cuba

Lanzamientos septiembre / 2008

Septiembre 2008

Por Eladio Miranda Batlle

 

Huan Jing 1A

Huan Jing 1A and Huan Jing 1B are two Chinese (PRC) environmental satellites that were launched by a Long March 2C rocket from Taiyuan launch site in northern China at 03:25 UT on 06 September 2008. They carry optical and infrared cameras to monitor natural disasters like earthquakes an flodods.

 

Fecha: 06 .09.2008

Hora: 03:25 UTC

Sitio: Taiyuan, Peoples Republic of China

(5)

 

GeoEye 1

GeoEye 1 is an American (privately owned) remote sensing craft that was launched by a Delta 2 rocket from Vandenberg AFB in California at 18:51 UT on 06 September 2008. The 2.1 tonne craft will provide 0.4 m resolution panchromatic and 1.6 m multicolor images to be marketed to the US Department of Defense and state and city planners.

 

Fecha: 06 .09..2008

Hora: 18:51 UT

Sitio: Vandenberg AFB, United States

(5)

 

Progress M-65

Progress-M 65 is a Russian automatic cargo carrier that was launched by a Soyuz rocket from Baikonur at 19:50 UT on 10 September 2008. It carried 2.8 tonnes of fuel, water, oxygen, and food to the International Space Station (ISS). It docked with the Zvezda module of the ISS at 21:01 UT on 13 September. In preparation, the previously docked Progress-M 64 was evacuated from its port, as was the European ATV.

 

Fecha: 10 .09.2008

Hora: 19:50 UTC

Sitio: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), Kazakhstan

(5)

 

Nimiq 4

EADS Astrium has been selected in January 2006 by Telesat to build the company’s new Nimiq 4 satellite. This is the third consecutive order for a Eurostar E3000 satellite from the Canadian-based operator following Anik F1R and Anik F3. Planned to enter service in 2008, Nimiq 4 will broadcast direct-to-home TV from its orbital location of 82º West.

Nimiq 4 will continue to enhance digital television services in Canada. It will feature 32 active high-power transponders in Ku-band and 8 in Ka-band. The multi-spot Ka-band payload will provide coverage of the most densely populated regions of Canada.

EADS Astrium, as prime contractor for Nimiq 4, will design and build the satellite and supply both the payload and the platform. EADS Astrium’s facilities in the UK Germany, Spain and France and will contribute to the design and manufacture of the spacecraft. Canadian industry will supply a significant part of the spacecraft equipment and technologies.

Nimiq 4 is based on the Eurostar-3000S version of the highly successful Eurostar communications satellite. It will have a launch mass of 4.8 tonnes, a solar array span of 39 meters once deployed in orbit, and spacecraft power of 12 kW at end of life. The double-floor E3000 model is equipped with an all-chemical propulsion system and Lithium-Ion batteries. The satellite, operating in geostationary orbit, will provide commercial services for a minimum of 15 years.

 

Fecha: 19 .09.2008

Hora:

Sitio:

(5)

 

 

Galaxy 19

Galaxy 19 is an American (Intelsat Corp.) geostationary communications craft that was launched by a Zenit 3SL rocket from the platform Odyssey floating on the equatorial Pacific at 154° W longitude at 09:28 UT on 24 September 2008. The 4.7 tonne (with fuel) craft carries 24 C-band, and 28 Ku-band transponders to provide video and internet services to North and Central America, after parking over 97° W longitude.

 

Fecha: 24 .09.2008

Hora: 09:28:00 UTC

Sitio: Odyssey (Sea Launch Platform),

(5)

 

Glonass 724-725-726(Kosmos 2442-2443-2444)

Glonass 724, Glonass 725, and Glonass 726 are the latest additions to the fleet, that were launched by a Proton-M rocket from Baikonur at 08:49 UT on 25 September 2008. Including these three, the fleet consists of 19 craft, to be augmented to 30 by 2011. (Eighteen craft are minimum needed to cover Russia, and 24 to cover the world.)

 

 

Fecha: 25 .09..2008

Hora: 08:49 UTC

Sitio: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), Kazakhstan

(5)

 

Shenzhou 7

Se trata de la tercera misión tripulada china y la primera con tres astronautas, además también la primera vez que una misión tripulada china despega de noche y probablemente la última que emplea el cohete Larga Marcha CZ-2F (Cháng Zhēng 2F, ). Parece ser que las dos próximas Shénzhōu, no tripuladas, serán lanzadas por una nueva versión de este cohete para montar en órbita un minilaboratorio espacial a la que se acoplaría la Shénzhōu 10 con una tripulación. Merece la pena resaltar que las Shénzhōu son las primeras naves tripuladas desde las Gémini que usan cohetes hipergólicos.

 

Dentro viajan los astronautas Zhái Zhìgāng , Liú Bómíng  y Jǐng Hǎipéng.  Zhái Zhìgāng será el encargado de realizar la primera actividad extravehicular (EVA) china (con una duración de 40 minutos), usando para ello un traje espacial chino similar al Orlán M ruso. El traje se denomina Fēi Tiān,  (“ángel”). En el módulo orbital lo acompañará Liú Bómíng, que llevará un traje Orlán M, pero no abandonará la nave (salvo caso de emergencia). Curiosamente, Liú Bómíng estará obviamente en el vacío, así que según la mayor parte de definiciones de EVAs él también realizará una, aunque la gloria se la lleve en exclusiva el compañero Zhái. Jǐng Hǎipéng esperará mientras en el interior de la cápsula. El módulo orbital de la Shénzhōu 7 no lleva paneles solares, a diferencia de las anteriores misiones, y además va equipado con asideros para hacer la EVA más fácil.

 

Aunque la Shénzhōu está basada en el diseño de la Soyuz, será la primera vez que los trajes Orlán sean usados en una nave y no en una estación espacial, ya que en la única EVA que se realizó desde una Soyuz (Soyuz 4/5, en 1969), se empleó el traje Yastreb.

 

 Los tripulantes en el interior de la cápsula. Puesto que ésta es un poco más grande que la Soyuz, los tripulantes están más separados que en la nave rusa, aunque la disposición es similar.

 

 

Fecha: 25.09.2008

Hora: 13.10.04 UTC.

Sitio: Cosmódromo de Jiǔquán

 

Demosat/Falcon 1

Demosat is an American (private) satellite that was launched by a Falcon 1 rocket from the Omelek island in the Kwajalein Atoll in the Pacific Ocean at 23:15 UT on 28 September 2008. It was the first successful launch of the rocket after several earlier failures. Demosat is a 165 kg aluminum dummy, also named Ratsat. (It failed to separate from the second stage; hence USSTRATCOM’s name Demosat/Falcon 1.) The development of Falcon rockets as a carrier of cargo to the International Space Station (ISS) has been funded by NASA. It is expected to be the primary American vehicle for transportation to the ISS, between 2010 when the shuttles will be retired and the Orion spacecraft program will succeed by 2015.

 

 

 

Fecha:28.09.2008

Hora: 23:15 UTC.

Sitio: Kwajalein, Republic of the Marshall Islands

 

Referencias

 

(1) http://Sondasespaciales.com

(2) http://notesp.blogspot.com/

(3) http://space.skyrocket.de/home.htm  

(4) http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Portada

(5) http://www.nasa.gov/

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